About Health Leads
By enabling doctors to write prescriptions to fill their patients’ basic resource needs, Health Leads envisions a health care system that addresses all patients’ basic resource needs as a standard part of quality care. College students volunteer to work with physician/nurse mentors to locate critically needed social resources for children visiting pediatric clinics. Health Leads understands that a medical approach does not always solve a child’s chronic health problems if the family is deciding between paying rent, putting food on the table, or paying for a prescription. Its student volunteers are building an ecosystem that is helping tens of thousands of patients access basic resource needs every year. And a new generation of leaders is being trained to change the country’s health care delivery system.  healthleadsusa.org

About Rebecca Onie
Rebecca Onie credits a magazine article with changing her life. It was in a pile of articles that her father had handed her to read when Onie, an only child, returned to her Chicago home after her first year at Harvard. Normally, she skillfully avoided the pile, but something compelled Onie to take a closer look at the Boston Globe article about Barry Zuckerman, head of the pediatric ward at Boston Medical Center. She was so moved by what she read that she immediately called him. Dr. Zuckerman has been named “America’s leading practitioner of social medicine” by the Ford Foundation, and Boston Medical Center (where he works) is a level-one trauma center that serves 17,000 low-income clients every year. In the article, Onie learned that Zuckerman had the temerity to believe that the pediatric ward should be a place where kids go to get healthy, and part of his “whole child-whole family” approach to practicing medicine included advocacy—he made an attorney his first hire upon taking over the department.

Onie, who had long had plans to go to law school, was fascinated by Zuckerman, who took a more holistic approach to defining the determinants of good health. He wanted the health care system to provide access to the resources that would allow his patients to have a home, have heat, have food to eat—the socio-economic barriers that impact health as surely as physical determinants. Onie was electrified by his approach, but she also believed he was missing a crucial part of the puzzle. She thought that college students, working with physician and nurse mentors, could make effective advocates for the patients and help Zuckerman and his colleagues provide a treatment plan that addresses the full psychosocial needs of each child and his/her family.

Onie telephoned Zuckerman with her idea. He invited her to the hospital to spend some time researching her proposal. Onie proceeded to spend the bulk of her fall sophomore semester interviewing the hospital’s health care practitioners. “From the moment I walked in the lobby of that hospital, I knew that was where I was meant to be. It’s total chaos.”[1] Her idea—“to leverage the time, energy and tenacity of college students to increase the capacity of clinics to be able to connect low-income patients to the resources they need to be healthy”[2]—became the foundation for the organization she founded her sophomore year: Project HEALTH (now called Health Leads).

Onie began by asking the hospital staff one question: In a world of unlimited resources, what would you do? Family Health Desks, the cornerstone of what is now called Health Leads, were born out of those conversations. Onie describes the model thusly: “When families come into a health clinic, they could either self-refer to the desk…or, in the course of the doctor’s visit, when the physician or nurse identified an unmet need, he/she could use a Health Leads prescription pad to prescribe food, job training, fuel assistance, etc. The family could then take the prescription directly to the Family Health Desk, just as they would a medical prescription to a pharmacy, and Health Lead’s college volunteer would do an “intensive intake with the family and ultimately connect them out to the set of resources they need.”[3]

Today, Health Leads, whose mission is to break the link between poverty and poor health by mobilizing college students to provide sustained public health interventions in partnership with urban medical centers, universities, and community organizations, boasts nearly 1,000 volunteers from 15 campuses working in 18 clinics and serving 11,000 children and adults each year. Just over half of the families actually obtain at least one resource they need (i.e., food or transportation vouchers, secure child care, find an apartment, etc.) within 90 days of receiving services at a Family Health Desk; the remainder receive ongoing follow-up until they obtain the needed resources. This follow-through is significant because three-quarters of Family Help Desk clients present with multiple needs, and over one-third of clients present with three or more needs.

Health Leads works through pediatric clinics, as pediatricians understand the link between a dearth in resources and ill health. And because pediatricians must talk with the parents about a child’s particular needs, they are able to address an entire family’s unmet needs. The Family Help Desk bolsters their ability to treat the whole child by giving pediatricians the necessary infrastructure to carry out the search for needed resources.

In addition to matching clients with much-needed resources, Health Leads provides a transformative experience for its college volunteers (called Advocates), many of whom go on to work in the health care sector following graduation. Prospective volunteers are asked for a strong commitment. These college students must go through a demanding interview and application process, followed by a thorough training program and then they must pledge to commit to at least eight hours of volunteer service each week. In spite of the tough requirements, Health Leads has five to ten times more prospective applicants than they can accept each year, and 90% of students choose to continue their Health Leads commitment the following year (and through their summers; the Family Help Desks are staffed year-round). It would take 38 full-time employees to cover the manpower the organization’s 1,000 volunteers provide each year.

Ongoing training and weekly reflection meetings strengthen the bond the student volunteers have with each other and with their mission. By working on the front lines at the point where health care and poverty intersect, they develop a deep understanding of the kind of transformative change that is necessary to improve our health care delivery system. The vast majority of volunteers (90%) choose to address health and/or poverty issues in their graduate training or new careers. Among the career paths followed by Health Leads alumni many become involved in federal and state policy-making; others help shape health care delivery for groups like Partners in Health, Doctors Without Borders and the Peace Corps, or develop fitness programs for corporate clients, or advocate for patients’ right. Among those who practice medicine, Health Leads is incubating a new generation of physicians and health care workers who learned first about the social determinants of health before they were formally schooled in the physical factors affecting health.

Onie, who left Health Leads for nearly six years while she got her law degree from Harvard and went to work as a Chicago attorney, returned in 2006 because she so fully believes in the power of the Health Leads model. The organization is bombarded with opportunities to grow, and thus far, it has proved to be eminently replicable. Onie continues to explore options with respect to how to scale the operation, suggesting that rather than do the obvious (scale the Family Help Desk model or tap into the vast retiree resource), they might partner with Medicaid to incorporate their model. In such a scenario, Health Leads would act as trainers. Another option would be to have the universities or the clinics pay Health Leads to train their students to perform this brand of service work.

Whatever the future holds for Onie and Health Leads, it is clear that the current model works. Among a long list of awards, including the prestigious MacArthur Foundation “Genius Grant.” Onie is clear about the task ahead of her—and it is nothing short of a systemic change in the delivery of health care to our nation’s vulnerable populations.

[August 2011]